Key Numbers

Total changes 1990-2008

 

17%

Inclusive Wealth Index

47%

Gross Domestic Product

-41%

Natural Capital

63%

Manufactured Capital

14%

Human Capital

 

Changes over 20 Years

Changes in inclusive wealth were primarily driven by increases in human and produced capital, which were the main factors that offset the decline in natural capital. However, the significant difference between IWI and GDP can partially be attributed to the decline in natural capital.

Overall per-capita changes in IWI, GDP, manufactured, human, and natural capital

Overall per-capita changes in IWI, GDP, manufactured, human, and natural capital


Wealth Composition

 
Composition of the United Kingdom’s inclusive wealth

Composition of the United Kingdom’s inclusive wealth

Inclusive Wealth

Inclusive wealth in the UK is quite disproportionately distributed with human capital accounting for 90 percent, followed distantly by produced and natural capital.

 

Composition of the United Kingdom’s natural capital

Composition of the United Kingdom’s natural capital

Natural Capital

At 1 percent, the UK is also amongst the countries with the lowest share of natural capital. However, the UK has experienced a significant decline in their fossil fuel base, which has contributed to the majority of the negative decline in its natural capital base. Though their oil resources are being depleted, there has been an increase in forest stocks, which increased their natural capital base and put the UK on a more sustainable trajectory.