Key Numbers

Total changes 1990-2008

 

18%

Inclusive Wealth Index

20%

Gross Domestic Product

8%

Natural Capital

38%

Manufactured Capital

12%

Human Capital

 

Changes over 20 Years

Japan is the only country assessed that experienced an increase in natural capital stocks. Given that when we look at the composition of Japan’s inclusive wealth below, we see that natural capital only constituted 1 percent of the nation’s capital base, changes in inclusive wealth can primarily be attributed to changes in produced and human capital.

Overall per-capita changes in IWI, GDP, manufactured, human, and natural capital

Overall per-capita changes in IWI, GDP, manufactured, human, and natural capital


Wealth Composition

 
Composition of Japan’s inclusive wealth

Composition of Japan’s inclusive wealth

Inclusive Wealth

Human capital makes up the large majority of Japan’s inclusive wealth, followed by produced and to a much lesser extent natural capital.

Composition of Japan’s natural capital

Composition of Japan’s natural capital

Natural Capital

Japan’s natural capital stocks are mostly made up of agricultural land and forest resources. While agricultural land was steadily declining since 1990, forest resources increased and were the primary reason for the country’s positive natural capital growth rate.