Total changes 1990-2008
Inclusive Wealth Index
Gross Domestic Product
Changes over 20 Years
The changes in inclusive wealth in Germany were primarily driven by rapid growth in human capital. Additionally, Germany was one of the few countries that performed better on the IWI than on GDP, due to growth in human capital and a comparatively modest decrease in natural capital.
Human capital makes up the large majority of Germany’s inclusive wealth, followed by produced and natural capital.
Germany’s natural capital primarily consists of fossil fuels. Depletion of fossil fuels, specifically coal, also accounts for the majority of the negative change in Germany’s natural capital base.