Key Numbers

Total changes 1990-2008

 

38%

Inclusive Wealth Index

30%

Gross Domestic Product

-12%

Natural Capital

37%

Manufactured Capital

46%

Human Capital

 

Changes over 20 Years

The changes in inclusive wealth in Germany were primarily driven by rapid growth in human capital. Additionally, Germany was one of the few countries that performed better on the IWI than on GDP, due to growth in human capital and a comparatively modest decrease in natural capital.

Overall per-capita changes in IWI, GDP, manufactured, human, and natural capital

Overall per-capita changes in IWI, GDP, manufactured, human, and natural capital


Wealth Composition

 
Composition of Germany’s inclusive wealth

Composition of Germany’s inclusive wealth

Inclusive Wealth

Human capital makes up the large majority of Germany’s inclusive wealth, followed by produced and natural capital.

 

Composition of Germany’s natural capital

Composition of Germany’s natural capital

Natural Capital

Germany’s natural capital primarily consists of fossil fuels. Depletion of fossil fuels, specifically coal, also accounts for the majority of the negative change in Germany’s natural capital base.