Key Numbers

Total changes 1990-2008

 

24%

Inclusive Wealth Index

103%

Gross Domestic Product

-26%

Natural Capital

183%

Manufactured Capital

28%

Human Capital

 

Changes over 20 Years

Chile was amongst the top performing countries on the IWI. The positive changes in its inclusive wealth were primarily driven by produced capital, which was the main factor that offset the considerable decline in natural capital.

Overall per-capita changes in IWI, GDP, manufactured, human, and natural capital

Overall per-capita changes in IWI, GDP, manufactured, human, and natural capital


Wealth Composition

 
Composition of Chile’s inclusive wealth

Composition of Chile’s inclusive wealth

Inclusive Wealth

While Chile experienced rapid change in their productive base, on average human capital still made up the majority of its inclusive wealth from 1990 to 2008 and served as the main driver of capital accumulation, followed by natural capital.

Composition of Chile’s natural capital

Composition of Chile’s natural capital

Natural Capital

Chile experienced a rapid depletion of its mineral resources from 1990 to 2008, primarily caused by a drawdown on its copper reserves, which explained the majority of the change in its natural capital accounts. However, a slight increase in forest resources was able to offset this decline to a certain extent.