Key Numbers

Total changes 1990-2008

 

7%

Inclusive Wealth Index

33%

Gross Domestic Product

-20%

Natural Capital

51%

Manufactured Capital

20%

Human Capital

 

Changes over 20 Years

Changes in inclusive wealth were primarily driven by increases in produced capital, which was the main factor that offset the decline in natural capital. In addition, the significant difference between IWI and GDP might be accounted for by the depreciation in natural capital, indicating that if economic growth is to continue, Canada may need to increase all of its inclusive investments, especially in its natural capital stocks.

Overall per-capita changes in IWI, GDP, manufactured, human, and natural capital

Overall per-capita changes in IWI, GDP, manufactured, human, and natural capital


Wealth Composition

 
Composition of Canada’s inclusive wealth

Composition of Canada’s inclusive wealth

Inclusive Wealth

Human capital lead Canada’s inclusive wealth in the time period assessed, followed by natural and produced capital.

Composition of Canada’s natural capital

Composition of Canada’s natural capital

Natural Capital

Canada’s natural capital base was primarily made up of forest resources and fossil fuels. The overall decline in natural capital can be attributed to a significant depletion of the country’s fossil fuel base, which contributed to the majority of the natural capital change in Canada over the time period assessed (1990-2008). Canada was also seen to draw down heavily on its mineral resources, which caused an overall decline in natural capital accounts of about 10 percent.