Key Numbers

Total changes 1990-2008

 

18%

Inclusive Wealth Index

34%

Gross Domestic Product

-25%

Natural Capital

8%

Manufactured Capital

48%

Human Capital

 

Changes over 20 Years

The changes in inclusive wealth in Brazil were driven primarily by rapid growth in human capital of 48 percent. The increase in human capital was found to be the prime factor that offset the 25 percent decline in natural capital.

Overall per-capita changes in IWI, GDP, manufactured, human, and natural capital

Overall per-capita changes in IWI, GDP, manufactured, human, and natural capital


Wealth Composition

 
Composition of Brazil’s inclusive wealth

Composition of Brazil’s inclusive wealth

Inclusive Wealth

Brazil’s key strength lies in the field of human capital, which on average constituted 56 percent of its national inclusive wealth in the time period assessed. Brazil saw a significant decline in its natural capital, while manufactured capital remained stable. Conventionally defined, developing countries starting from a low level of human capital such as Brazil or Kenya, have been catching up to the more industrialized economies assessed in the Inclusive Wealth Report 2012.

 

Composition of Brazil’s natural capital

Composition of Brazil’s natural capital

Natural Capital

Changes in forest resources account for 66 percent of the changes in the natural capital account when compared with the 1990 (base year) levels. While Brazil’s overall natural capital declined considerably, one asset was an exception: agricultural land expanded by 10 percent, with a balanced increase in both cropland and pastureland.